ALEXANDRA


ALEXANDRA
ALEXANDRA (d. 28 B.C.E.), daughter of hyrcanus ii ; wife of alexander , the son of Aristobulus II; and mother of Aristobulus III and of mariamne , Herod's wife. Alexandra regarded Herod's appointment of the Babylonian (or Egyptian) Ananel (Hananel) to the high priesthood as a violation of the alexandra Hasmonean family's right of succession to the office and attempted to secure it for her son Aristobulus. Though Herod acceded to her request, he was unable to forgive her, and did not allow her to leave the palace. When Alexandra tried to escape with her son, Herod foiled the attempt. He then affected a reconciliation. When, however, her son was drowned in a swimming pool, Alexandra accused Herod before Cleo patra of engineering his death and asked her to have Mark Antony charge Herod with the murder. Herod was summoned to Laodicea, but cleared himself by bribery. After the battle of Actium (31 B.C.E.), it seemed certain that Herod could not escape punishment, since he had sided with Antony against Octavian (Augustus). When Herod returned from a meeting with Octavian with added honors, Herod's sister Salome, Queen Mariamne's implacable enemy, slandered her and Alexandra to her brother, and Mariamne was condemned to death for treason. According to Josephus' biased account, Alexandra escaped the same fate by dishonorably accusing her condemned daughter of disloyalty to her husband. Her own fate was not long delayed. After Mariamne's death Herod fell ill and appeared likely to die. Alexandra, thinking that her opportunity had now come, attempted to obtain control of the two fortresses in Jerusalem. When this was reported to Herod, he ordered her immediate execution. With Alexandra's death, the last member of the Hasmonean dynasty to play an active role in history disappeared. Alexandra cannot be considered exceptionally sagacious or gifted with insight into Herod's character. In all, she seemed to resemble her grandfather Alexander Yannai; she was courageous, but lacked flexibility and guile, and hence was no match for Herod. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Jos., Ant., 15:23, 80, 232 ff., 247 ff.; Klausner, Bayit Sheni, 4 (19502), 12 ff.; Graetz, Gesch, 3 (19055), 186, 199 ff., 216 ff.; Schuerer, Gesch, 1 (1901), 378 ff., 386; H. Willrich, Das Haus des Herodes (1929), 48 ff.; A.H.M. Jones, The Herods of Judaea (1938), 52 ff., 58, 61; A. Schalit, Hordos ha-Melekh (19643), index; Pauly-Wissowa, suppl. 3 (1918), 79. (Abraham Schalit)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Alexandra — est un nom propre qui peut désigner : Sommaire 1 Prénom et patronyme 1.1 Sens et origine du nom 1.2 Variantes linguistiques 1.3 Popularité du nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alexandra — (griechisch Αλεξάνδρα) ist ein weiblicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Verbreitung 3 Varianten und Kurzformen 3.1 Varianten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexandra — Alexandra, nombre de origen Ruso (comúnmente confundido con de origen Griego), es la versión femenina del nombre propio Alexander, i de origen griego Αλέξανδρος (Alexandros). El nombre es una combinación del verbo griego ἀλέξειν (alexein)… …   Wikipedia Español

  • alexandra — [ alɛksɑ̃dra ] n. m. • XXe; n. pr. ♦ Cocktail fait de lait chocolaté et d alcool. Garçon, deux alexandras ! « Nous buvions [...] des alexandra [sic], des martini » (Beauvoir). ● alexandra nom masculin Cocktail composé de cognac, de crème fraîche… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ALEXANDRA — ALEXANDRA, Hasmonean princess, daughter of aristobulus ii , king of Judea. Captured by Pompey, Alexandra was brought to Rome in 63 B.C.E. together with her father, her two sisters, and her brother antigonus ii . The family was released in 56… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Alexandra — (Сирмионе,Италия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Via Condominio 1, 25019 Сирмионе, Италия …   Каталог отелей

  • Alexandra — (Лион,Франция) Категория отеля: 3 звездочный отель Адрес: 49 Rue Victor Hugo, 02. Прескиль …   Каталог отелей

  • Alexandra 1 — (Шёнберг ин Гольштейн,Германия) Категория отеля: Адрес: 24217 Шёнберг ин Гольштейн, Гер …   Каталог отелей

  • Alexandra 2 — (Шёнберг ин Гольштейн,Германия) Категория отеля: Адрес: 24217 Шёнберг ин Гольштейн, Гер …   Каталог отелей

  • Alexandra — (Svoboda nad Úpou,Чехия) Категория отеля: 2 звездочный отель Адрес: 5.května 512, Svoboda …   Каталог отелей


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.